What is Kuden?
Since many Bujutsu (fighting systems) were established in Japan, teachers have used Kuden to transfer the special deep knowledge to their selected students, such as their successors. The Japanese word Kuden is translated as “verbally transferred knowledge”. For every Ryuha (style) they had special knowledge for almost all techniques and they did not leave this knowledge in writing to keep this knowledge confidential. The teachers taught this knowledge verbally, only to the selected students whom they thought they could trust. In this way they tried to keep the purity of their Ryuha and transfer it to future generation.
No.7 Releasing the shoulder as a mean to escape from Gyakute Tori （逆手取り）
In Jujutsu, Gyakute Tori is one of the most popular and basic techniques. Gyakute Tori has two directions—from inside to outside (in-to-out), which is used for Kote Kaeshi (小手返し), and is frequently used in Aikido—and another one, from outside to inside (out-to-in). If Tori applies out-to-in Gyakute Tori, he has to push Uke’s elbow. For instance, keeping the left elbow down by Tori’s right hand until Uke falls down completely to the floor. In this way Tori can control Uke. There is another case that Tori keeps Gyakute at mid height and tries to control Uke without pushing him down on floor. In this case Uke can escape from Gyakute Tori by releasing his left shoulder.
Here I would like to explain the way to escape from Gyakute Tori in the case of C. I intend to show how to escape from an out-to-in Gyakute Tori so that people can realize how this out-to-in Gyakute Tori should be performed correctly to prevent escaping.
Gyakute Tori —-
In-to-out Throw Uke by Kote Kaeshi case A
Out-to-in Take Uke down the the floor and pin him to control case B
Control Uke without taking down and control case C
Wrong example, as Uke escapes from out-to-in Gyakute Tori case C
(1)Uke holds Tori’s left wrist by his right hand
(2)Tori moves up his grasped left arm and by applying the technique already explained before in Kuden series No-4, Sotomaki Nuki.
(3)Tori holds back Uke’s right hand using his right hand in Gyakute -> Gyakute Tori
(4)Tori brings down his right hand to control Uke using Gyakute but Uke releases his right shoulder during this movement to escape from Tori’s control.
(5)Uke can now counter-attack Tori with a right foot kick, Yoko Keri (横蹴り)
So, by releasing his right shoulder, Uke can create the situation where he can counter-attack Tori.
How to prevent Uke’s shoulder release
It is the most important timing when Tori brings down his captured left hand. While he brings down his left hand, he should add a special motion to bend Uke’s left arm (i.e., to push his elbow outside). He can realize this motion by using his freed right hand (easier option), Fig 6-9, or by controlling his captured left hand (difficult one), Fig 10-14 .
By two hands:Fig 6-9
By one hand:Fig 10-14
(13) from a different angle
(14) from a different angle
English edition :
Gyakute-do Indianapolis (U.S.A.) branch Andrew Bryant sensei, representative of Shinwakan Dojo http://www.indianapolismartialartscenter.org/
Gyakutedo Poland Warsaw : Przemisław Antczak 3rd Dan
Michał Swiderek 1st Dan
Gyakute-do Warsaw branch NAKA Dojo
Makoto KURABE – SHISEIDO
Representative, 2nd Soushi of
AIKI JUJUTSU GYAKUTE-DO
Kurabe Makoto Shiseido